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PAPER IV: NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND SPECTROSCOPY

Unit I
: Nuclear Structure Distribution of Nuclear Charge-Nuclear Mass-Mass Spectroscopy-Bainbridge and Jordan, Neir, Mass Spectrometer-Theories of Nuclear Composition (proton-electron, protonneutron)- Bound States of Two Nucleons-Spin States-Pauli’s Exclusion Principle-Concept of Hidden Variables-Tensor Force-Static Force-Exchange Force. Radioactivity Alpha Decay: Properties of á Particles-Gamow’s Theory of á Decay-Geiger Nuttal Law- á Ray Energies-Fine Structure of á Rays- á Disintegration Energy-Long Range á Particles. Beta Decay: Properties of â Particles-General Features of â Ray Spectrum-Pauli’s Hypothesis- Fermi’s Theory of â Decay-Forms of Interactions and Selection Rules-Fermi and Gamow Teller Transitions. Gamma Decay: Absorption of ã Rays by Matter-Interaction of ã Rays with Matter-Measurement of ã Ray Energies-DuMond Bent Crystal Spectrometer Method-Internal Conversion.

Unit: II Nuclear Models Liquid Drop Model: Bohr Wheeler Theory of Fission-Condition for Spontaneous Fission- Activation Energy-Seaborg’s Expression. Shell Model: Explanation of Magic Numbers-Prediction of Shell Model-Prediction of Nuclear Spin and Parity-Nuclear Statistics-Magnetic Moment of Nuclei-Schmidt Lines-Nuclear Isomerism. Collective Model: Explanation of Quadrupole Moments-Prediction of Sign of Electric Quadrupole Moments.

Unit III
: Nuclear Reactions Kinds of Reactions and Conversion Laws-Energy of Nuclear Reaction-Iso Spin- Continuum Theory of Nuclear Reaction-Resonance-Breit and Wigner Dispersion Formula- Stages of a Nuclear Reaction-Statistical Theory of Nuclear Reaction-Kinematics of Stopping and Pickup Reaction-Surface Reaction. Particle Physics Leptons-Hadrons-Mesons-Hyperons-Pions-Meson Resonances-Strange Mesons and Baryons-Gell-Mann Okuba Mass formula for Baryons-CP Violation in Neutral Kaons (K0) Decay- Symmetry and Conversion Laws-Quark Model-Reaction and Decays-Quark Structure of Hadrons.

Unit IV
: Atomic & Microwave Spectroscopy Spectra of Alkali Metal Vapours-Normal Zeeman Effect-Anomalous Zeeman Effect- Magnetic Moment of Atom and the G Factor-Lande’s ‘g’ Formula-Paschen Back Effect- Hyperfine Structure of Spectral Lines. Microwave Spectroscopy-Experimental Method-Theory of Microwave Spectra of Linear, Symmetric Top Molecules-Hyperfine Structure-Quadrupole Moment-Inversion Spectrum of Ammonia. Infrared & Raman Spectroscopy IR Spectroscopy: Practical Aspects-Theory of IR Rotation Vibration Spectra of Gaseous Diatomic Molecules-Applications-Basic Principles of FTIR Spectroscopy. Raman Spectroscopy: Classical and Quantum Theory of Raman Effect-Rotation Vibration Raman Spectra of Diatomic and Polyatomic Molecules-Applications-Laser Raman Spectroscopy.

Unit V
: NMR & NQR Spectroscopy: NMR Spectroscopy: Quantum Mechanical and Classical Description-Bloch Equation- Relaxation Processes-Experimental Technique-Principle and Working of High Resolution NMR Spectrometer-Chemical Shift NQR Spectroscopy: Fundamental Requirements-General Principle-Experimental Detection of NQR Frequencies-Interpretation and Chemical Explanation of NQR Spectroscopy ESR & Mossabauer Spectroscopy: ESR Spectroscopy: Basic Principles-Experiments-ESR Spectrometer-Reflection Cavity and Microwave Bridge-ESR Spectrum-Hyperfine Structure Mossabauer Spectroscopy: Mossabauer Effect-Recoilless Emission and Absorption- Mossabauer Spectrum-Experimental Methods-Hyperfine Interaction-Chemical Isomer Shift- Magnetic Hyperfine and Electric Quadrupole Interaction

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