Science and Technology in Colonial India
Unit I Science and Empire: Theoretical perspectives: The role and place of STM in the Colonial process. Science and Colonial Explorations- State of Science and Technology on the eve of British conquest; East India Company and scientific exploration; early European scientists; surveyors, botanists, doctors under the Company’s service.
Unit II Growth of techno-scientific Institutions scientific and technical education establishment of engineering and medical college and institutes; teaching of sciences in universities; establishment of scientific institutions; Geological Survey of India and agricultural experimental farms.
Unit III Indian response to western science. Indian response to new scientific knowledge; interactions and predicaments; science and Indian nationalism; emergence of national science and its relations vis-à-vis colonial science, Mahendra Lal Sarkar, P.C. Ray, J.C. Bose, M.N. Saha.
Unit IV Science and development discourse: STM for development-Ideas for British government. Mahatma Gandhi and other Indian nationalists; professionalisation of science and their view personnel; Royal Commission and their reports; planning for development; National Planning Committee; Bombay plan; National Planning Advisory Board; and Central Advisory Board of Education; Transition from Dependent to Independent science.