Ecology and Environment in History
Unit I Ecology: What is Ecology, Scope of Ecology, Ecology-Science or Art, Its relation to other subjects, Terminology of Ecology, Basic concept of Ecology, Approaches to Ecology.
Unit II Environment: What is Environment, Component of Environment, Living and Non-living components, Management and conservation of living and non-living resources of environment for sustainable development, Environmental degradation and its impact on present and future generations.
Science and ethics of environmental care and sustainability.
Conservation: Its tradition in India.
The concept of nature in our spiritual traditions
Ethics of environmental awareness and the source of biodiversity conservation in ancient culture and literature of India.
Unit III Environment consciousness in ancient India :
Indus valley civilization: Planned urbanization, drainage system, watershed management, waste management, worship of different components of nature, concept of prakriti and purush.
Pre-Vedic and Post-Vedic civilization.
Forest and wild life management in Maurya and Gupta period, small scale industries based on natural resources in ancient India.
Unit IV Environmental consciousness in Medieval India.
Exploration of natural resources for economic development in early Medieval India.
Exploration of natural resources for sustainable economic and ecological development in Mughal period. Over exploitation and ecological destabilization during later Mughal period.
Unit V Environmental and Ecological consciousness in Modern India.
British economic policy and imperialism.
Ruin of Indian small scale industries.
Over exploitation of natural resources.
Establishment of industries based on Indian natural resources and its impact on environment and ecology.
Unit VI Environmental Problem in Independent India.
Environment consciousness in ancient India
Environmental consciousness in Medieval India.
Environmental and Ecological consciousness in Modern India.
Environmental Problem in Independent India.