PUBLIC UTILITIES LAW
Objectives of the course
Public utilities are government monopolies, which are services rather
than commercial enterprises. The law of public utilities is contained in the
statutes of incorporation judicial decisions given by courts while resolving
disputes between the utilities and their consumers or employees or traders or
others entering into business relations with them. In this paper a student will
a) government policy in regard to such utilities in general and to each
utility in particular;
b) the growth and evolution of the public utilities;
c) patterns of the laws of incorporation and
d) powers, functions and liabilities of the public utilities vis a vis their
employees consumers and others.
1. Public Utilities and its impact
1.1 Government machineries and functioning Impact of failure of
Public Utility Service.
1.2 Railways, Electricity, Gas, Road Transport, telephone, post and
telegraph services, Police, Fire Brigade, Hospital etc.
1.3 Growth and evolution of public utilities and their legislation
Concept Essential services.
2. Public Utilities Why Government Monopoly?
2.1 Government and Parliamentary Control Strategies to deal with
dispute in Public Utility Services.
2.2 Constitutional Division of power to legislate.
3. Utilities Legislation Patterns of:
3.1 Administrative Authorities Structure of the Administrative
3.2 Subordinate legislation.
4. Public Utilities and Fair Rearing
4.1 Quasi Judicial Decision Administrative Discretion.
4.2 Judicial approach.
5. Public Utilities and Consumer Protection
5.1 Exclusion from M.R.T.P. Act.
5.2 Rights of consumers protected by the Consumer Protection
5.3 Rights Arising from law of Contract and law of Torts.
6. Public Utilities And their Employees.
6.1 Application of articles 16, Art 19 and 311?
6.2 Application of Industrial law.
6.2.1 Public Interest vis a vis Right to Strike Emerging trends.
7. Public Utilities and Fundamental Rights
7.1 The right to equality: the Airhostess case.
7.2 Are Public utilities "State" for the purpose of article 12 of the
7.3 Extension of concept of State
7.4 Public Utilities under changing market strategies Liberalization
8. Liabilities and special privileges of public utilities
8.1 In contract.
8.2 In tort.
8.3 In Criminal law.
Public Utilities and its impact
Public Utilities Why Government Monopoly?
Public Utilities and Fair Rearing
Public Utilities and Consumer Protection
Public Utilities And their Employees.
Public Utilities and Fundamental Rights
Liabilities and special privileges of public utilities