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Study Juvenile Delinquency LL.M Subject

JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
Objectives of the course
Juvenile delinquency is considered and important branch of
criminology. Young offenders have provided a lot of materials for theory
building to adult sociologists and criminologists. The impact of juvenile
delinquency upon the formation of Indian criminology tradition dies not
seem to be noticeable. But often careers in crime are learnt, even if
involuntarily in adolescence. No understanding of crimes and treatment of
offenders can be complete without a sure grasp of causes, carrots, and cures
of juvenile delinquency.
Increasingly, it is being also realized that young offenders require a
wholly different senator of criminal justice system and should not be treated
in the same way as the adult of offenders. Juvenile Justice System, although
a part of the criminal justice system has not its own autonomous
characteristics.
In addition, the state and the law also have to deal with juveniles in
certain situations, as a parens patriae. The category of 'neglected children'
define the burdens of care which state and society have to assume for
neglected children. Most categories of neglected children are also
themselves the victims of crime; this, too, needs to be examined.
The institutional care of children poses its own distinctive dilemmas.
These, too, should be discussed; especially, the level of resource investment
compared with the extent of need.

The following syllabus prepared with this perspective will be spread
over a period of one year.
Subject
1. The Basic Concepts
1.1 The Conception of 'child' in Indian Constitution and Penal Code
1.2 Delinquent Juvenile
1.3 "Neglected" Juvenile
1.4 the overall situation of Children Young Persons in India, also
with? reference to Crime Statistics (of crimes by and against
Children) Determining Factors of Juvenile Delinquency
2. Determining Factors of Juvenile Delinquency
2.1 Differential Association
2.2 Anomie
2.3 Economic Pressure
2.4 Peer Group Influence
2.5 Gang Sub Culture
2.6 Masters Degree Differentials
3. Legislative Approaches
3.1 Legislative Approaches during the late colonial era
3.2 Children's Act
3.3 Legislative Position in Various States
3.4 The Juvenile Justice Act
3.5 Constitutional Aspects
3.6 Distinction between "Neglected" and Delinquent" Juveniles
3.7 Competent Authorities
3.8 Professional Safe guards for juveniles
3.9 Powers given to Government
3.10 Community Participation as envisaged under the Act

4. Indian Context of Juvenile Delinquency
4.1 The child Population Percentage to Total, Sex Ratio,
Urbanl Rurall Rural Urban
4.2 Neglected Below Poverty line, physically and mentally
disabled, orphans, destitute, vagrants
4.3 Labourers
4.3.1 In organized industries like zari, carpet, bidi, glass
4.3.2 In unorganized sector like domestic servant, shops and
establishments, ragpickers, family trade
4.4 Delinquent number, sex ratio, ratio to adult crime, types of
offences committed, recidivism, rate of increase background
4.4 Drug addicts
4.5 Victims
4.6.1 Of violence sexual abuse, battered, killed by parents
4.6.2 Of criminal activities like bootlegging, drug pollution as a
response of protective approach
5. Judicial Contribution
5.1 Social Action Litigation concerning Juvenile Justice
5.2 Salient Judicial Decisions
5.3 Role of Legal Profession in Juvenile Justice System
6. Implementation
6.1 Institutions, bodies, personnel
6.2 Recruiting and funding agencies
6.3 Recruitment qualifications and salaries or fund
6.4 Other responsibilities of each agency/person
6.5 Coordination among related agencies
6.6 Accountability annual reports and accessibility of public to
juvenile justice institution.

7. Preventive Strategies
7.1 State Welfare Programmes Health, Nutrition, ICWS, Grants inaid
Compulsory Education
7.3 Role of community, family, voluntary bodies, individuals.





LLM Subjects


WAGES
AGRICULTURAL LABOUR
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
COLLECTIVE VIOLENCE AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
CONSTITUTIONALISM PLURALISM AND FEDERALISM
DRUG ADDICTION CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS
HUMAN RIGHTS
INDUSTRIAL ADJUDICATION
JUDICIAL PROCESS
JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
LAW AND SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION IN INDIA
LAW RELATING TO CIVIL SERVANTS
LEGAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
MASS MEDIA LAW
NATIONAL SECURITY PUBLIC ORDER AND RULE OF LAW
PENOLOGY TREATMENT OF OFFENDERS
PRIVILEGED CLASS DEVIANCE
PUBLIC UTILITIES LAW
SOCIAL SECURITIES LAW
UNION STATE FINANCIAL RELATIONS












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