Interpretation of Statutes
Meaning of Interpretation-Basic principles of interpretaion-Intention of the Legislature, Statute be read as a whole. Plain meaning rule, Harmonious Construction, Golden and Mischief Rule-Utresemagic quam valeat pareat.
Aids to Interpretation: External-Parliamentary-Legislative debates. Statement of objects and reasons. Dictionary, Statute in Peri-materia. Contemporanea, Expositio, Internal: Title, Preamble, heading, Marginal Notes, Proviso and function.
Principle of Interpretation of Constitution and Penal Fiscal Statutes.
Delegatus non potest delegare, Ejusdem Generies, Pith and Substance Rule. Expression-Unine exculsio,Alterios Non-obstante clause,Mandatory and Directory provision. Noscitur. A Socils, Reddendo Singula Singulis Operation, Expiry and Repeal of Statutes.
1. Haydon's Case (15840 3 Co. Rep. 7a p. 76 : ER 637.
2. Bengal Immunity Company v. State of Bihar, AIR 1955 SC 661.
3. Alamgir v. Stste of Bihar,AIR 1959 SC 436.
4. Inder Singh v State of Rajasthan,AIR 1957 Sc 510.
5. Ram Avatar v. Assistant Sales Tax Officer.
Suggested Reading :
Maxwell - The Interpretation of Statute.
Grawford - Statutory Constitution .
Craies - Statute Law .
Swarup - Interpretation of Statutes .
Bindra - Interpretation of Statutes.
Sarathi - Interpretation of Statutes.
Bhattcharyya. T. - Interpretation of Statutes
(Hindi & English).