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Study BSc - Atomic Physics and Nuclear Physics

UNIT 1 Positive Rays and Structure of the Atom Positive rays – Discovery – Properties – Positive ray analysis – Thomson’s Parabola method – action of Electric and Magnetic fields – Determination of e/m – determination of mass – discovery of stable isotopes– Limitations – Dempster’s mass spectrograph –Aston’s mass spectrograph- mass defect and packing fraction – polarization of X –rays – scattering of Xrays (Thomson’s formula) The Bohr atom model – Critical Potentials – Method of excitation of atoms – Experimental determination of critical potentials by davis and Goucher;s method - Sommerfield’s relativistic model– Vector atom model – Quantum numbers associated with Vector atom model – coupling schemes (LS, JJ coupling) – Pauli’s exclusion principle – Periodic classification of elements UNIT 2 Magneto Optical Properties of Spectrum Magentic dipole moment due to orbital motion of the electron – Magentic dipole moment due to spin – The Stern and Gerlach experiment – Optical spectra – Fine Structure of the sodium D line – Zeeman effect – Experiments – Lorentz classical theory – Expression for the Zeeman shift – Larmor’s theorem – Quantum mechanical explanation of the normal Zeeman effect – Anomalous Zeeman effect – Paschen – Back effect – Stark effect – UNIT 3 - Introduction to the Nucleus General properties of Nucleus (Size, Mass, Density, Charge, Spin, Angular momentum, Magnetic dipole moment) – Binding energy – BE/A and stability of Nucleus – Packing fraction – Nuclear stability – Nuclear forces – Definition – Properties – Meson theory – Model of Nuclear Structure – The Liquid Drop model – Semi-Empirical mass formula – The Shell model – Evidence for Shell model –The collective model. UNIT 4 Detector and Particle Accelerators, Radioactivity Interaction between the energetic particles and matter – Heavy charged particles – Electrons – Gamma ray-Ionization chamber – Solid State detector – GM counter – Wilson Cloud chamber – Nuclear emission – Linear accelerators – Cyclotron – Betaron. Natural Radioactivity – Alpha, Beta and Gamma rays – Properties – Determination of e/m of Alpha particle – Determination of Charge of Alpha particle – Determination of e/m of Beta particle – determination of Wavelength of Gamma rays (Dumond Spectrometer) – Origin of Gamma rays – Laws of Radioactivity – Soddy-Fajan’s displacement law – Law of Radioactive disintegration – Half life period – Mean life period (Definitions, Expression) – Units of Radioactivity – Artificial Radioactivity – Preparation of radio elements – Application of radio isotopes. Anx.22 D - B.Sc. Physics (SDE) 2007-08 Page 9 of 21 UNIT 5 Nuclear Fission and Fusion Reactions Nuclear fission – Energy released in Fission – Bohr and Wheelers theory of Nuclear fission – Chain reaction – Multiplication factor – Critical size – Natural Uranium and chain reactions – Atom Bomb – Nuclear reactor – Nuclear fusion – Source of Stellar energy – Carbon Nitrogen cycle – Proton-Proton cycle – Hydrogen bomb – Controlled thermo nuclear reactions. Cosmic rays and Elementary particles Cosmic rays – Origin of cosmic rays – Latitude effect – Azimuth effect – Attitude effect – Seasonal, Diagonal changes – Primary and Secondary Cosmic rays cascade theory of shower – Pair production and Annihilation – Van Allen Belts – Elementary particles – Introduction – particles and antiparticles – Antimatter – The fundamental interactions – The Quark model.




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Applied Electronics
Atomic Physics and Nuclear Physics
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CLIENT SERVER COMPUTING
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