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Study 11th STANDARD - Accountancy

CLASS XI Part A: Financial Accounting - I (Periods 120)

Unit 1: Introduction to Accounting

Accounting- objectives, advantages and limitations, types of accounting information; users of accounting information and their needs. Basic accounting terms: business transaction, account, capital, drawings, liability (internal & external, long term & short term) asset ( tangible & intangible, fixed, current, liquid and fictitious) receipts (capital & revenue), expenditure (capital, revenue & deferred), expense, income, profits, gains and losses, purchases, sales, stock, debtors, bills receivable, creditors, bills payable, goods, cost, vouchers, discount - trade and cash.

Unit 2: Theory Base of Accounting

Fundamental accounting assumptions: going concern, consistency, and accrual.
Accounting principles: accounting entity, money measurement, accounting period, full disclosure, materiality, prudence, cost concept, matching concept and dual aspect.
Double entry system.
Basis of accounting - cash basis and accrual basis.
Accounting standards: concept & objective. IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards). 210

Unit 3: Recording of Transactions

Accounting equation: analysis of transactions using accounting equation.
Rules of debit and credit: for assets, liabilities, capital, revenue and expenses.
Origin of transactions- source documents (invoice, cash memo, pay in slip, cheque), preparation of vouchers - cash (debit & credit) and non cash (transfer).
Books of original entry: format and recording - Journal.
Cash book: simple, cash book with bank column, petty cash book,
Other books: purchases book, sales book, purchases returns book, sales returns book, bills receivable book, bills payable book and journal proper.

Unit 4: Preparation of Ledger, Trial Balance and Bank Reconciliation Statement

Ledger - format, posting from journal, cash book and other special purpose books, balancing of accounts.
Trial balance: objectives and preparation
Bank reconciliation statement: need and preparation. Corrected cash book balance.

Unit 5: Depreciation, Provisions and Reserves

Depreciation: concept, need and factors affecting depreciation; methods of computation of depreciation: straight line method, written down value method (excluding change in method)
Accounting treatment of depreciation: by charging to asset account, by creating provision for depreciation/ accumulated depreciation account, treatment of disposal of asset.
Provisions and reserves: concept, objectives and difference between provisions and reserves; types of reserves- revenue reserve, capital reserve, general reserve, specific reserves and secret reserves.

Unit 6: Accounting for Bills of Exchange

Bills of exchange and promissory note: definition, features, parties, specimen and distinction.
Important terms : term of bill ,due date, days of grace, date of maturity, bill at sight, bill after date, discounting of bill, endorsement of bill, bill sent for collection, dishonor of bill, noting of bill , retirement and renewal of a bill, insolvency of acceptor.
Accounting treatment of bill transactions 211

Unit 7: Rectification of Errors

Errors: types-errors of omission, commission, principles, and compensating; Their effect on Trial Balance.
Detection and rectification of errors; preparation of suspense account.

Unit 8: Financial Statements of Sole proprietorship

Financial Statements: objective and importance.
Trading and profit and loss account: gross profit, operating profit and net profit.
Balance Sheet: need, grouping, marshalling of assets and liabilities.
Adjustments in preparation of financial statements : with respect to closing stock, outstanding expenses, prepaid expenses, accrued income, income received in advance, depreciation, bad debts, provision for doubtful debts, provision for discount on debtors, manager's commission, abnormal loss, goods taken for personal use and goods distributed as free sample .
Preparation of Trading and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet of sole proprietorship. Part B: Financial Accounting-II

Unit 9: Financial Statements of not-for-Profit Organizations

Not-for-profit organizations: concept.
Receipts and payment account: features.
Income and expenditure account: features. preparation of income and expenditure account and balance sheet from the given receipt and payment account with additional information.

Unit 10: Accounts from Incomplete Records

Incomplete records: use and limitations.
Ascertainment of profit/loss by statement of affairs method.

STUDY - Unit 11: Computers in Accounting

Introduction to Computer and Accounting Information system {AIS}
Application of computers in Accounting: automation of accounting process, designing accounting reports, MIS reporting, data exchange with other information systems.
Comparison of accounting process in manual and computerized accounting highlighting advantages and limitations of automation.sourcing of accounting system: Readymade, customized and tailormade accounting system. Advantages and disadvantages of each option. 212
Accounting and database system o Accounting and database Management system. o Concept of entity and relationship: entities and relationships in an Accounting system: designing and creating simple tables, forms, and reports in the context of accounting system.

11th Standard Subjects

Accountancy sociology Agriculture
Biology Biotechnology Business-Studies
Chemistry Computer-Science Economics
Engineering-Graphics English Entrepreneurship
Geography History Home-Science
Informatic-Practices Mathematics Multimedia-and-web-technology
Philosophy Physics Political-Science

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